Wilms’ Tumor

The physical and mental health of children needs to be prioritized. Deterioration of health can be an indication of serious illness. Caregivers who notice symptoms such as abdominal pain should take it seriously and contact a specialist for diagnosis and treatment. It is best to visit oladoc.com for a verified and competent urologist.

What is Wilms’ Tumor/Nephroblastoma?

Wilms’ tumor is also identified as nephroblastoma. It is kidney cancer and affects children. Children of age 3-4 are more prone to be diagnosed with this tumor. The probabilities of being affected by the tumor are reduced by the age of 5. Nephroblastoma or Wilms’s tumor can affect either one or both the kidneys.

What signs and symptoms correlate with Wilms’ tumor?

The symptoms correlating with the Wilms’s’ tumor are:

  • A noticeable abdominal mass that appears unusual
  • Abdominal ache and swelling
  • Recurrent episodes of high fever
  • Notice blood in the urine
  • The child experiences constipation
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Increase in the blood pressure
  • The child is unable to breathe at times

What are the causes of Wilms’ tumor?

The causes of Wilms’ Tumor are not apprehended. However, research has indicated a correlation between genetics and nephroblastoma. The chances of cancer increase if one of the parents has a history of kidney-related problems. Cancer occurs when the cells produce errors in the DNA. The cells increase and result in other cells deteriorating. Accumulation of the cells results in the formation of the tumor. In some cases, it is observed that the error in the DNA is carried down from one of the biological parents.

What are the stages of Wilms’ tumor?

There are five stages of Wilms’ tumor:

Stage 1: The tumor is present in only one kidney. The treatment provided to the patient at the first stage includes surgery. The operational process removes the tumor.

Stage 2: The tumor has affected other areas including, the tissues and the vessel. However, the surgery can help remove the tumor.

Stage 3: The cancer is spread into the abdominal region and cannot be removed through surgery.

Stage 4: Multiple organs including the liver and lungs, are affected by cancer.

Stage 5: A child is rarely diagnosed with stage 5 nephroblastoma. In this stage, both the kidneys are affected by cancer.

What factors increase the risk of Wilms’ tumor?

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The factors that are known to increase the occurrence of Wilms’s tumor include:

Aniridia: In this condition, the child’s iris is either partially or developed at all. This condition increases the chances of the child later get diagnosed with Wilms’s’ tumor.

Hemihypertrophy: In this condition, one side of the body is bigger than the other side.

Genetic Influence: If there are blood relatives with children diagnosed with the condition; then the chances of developing the disease increases in other children of the family.

What tests assist in the diagnosis of Wilms’ tumor?

The test that assists in the diagnoses are:

  • The blood test helps in detecting the low blood count in the child.
  • The urine tests help in identifying any problems related to the functioning of the kidneys.
  • CT scans and Magnetic resonance imaging create images that help in identifying any tumors in the kidneys.

What treatments can help increase life expectancy and quality of life?

The procedures that help treat the condition include:

  • Chemotherapy for killing cancer cells.
  • Nephrectomy for the removal of the tumor
  • Radiation Therapy

Children exhibiting symptoms that may indicate illness related to kidneys should contact the best urologist in Islamabad. A specialist will help in diagnoses and treatment options that can help improve the quality and functioning of the child.